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Depression Treatment Centers


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Depression is a psychiatric disorder that causes someone to feel sad, anxious, empty, hopeless, helpless, worthless, guilty, irritable or restless. Depression can have many different effects on people. Reports of loss of appetite or overeating, problems concentrating, remembering details or making decisions, thoughts of suicide, insomnia, excessive sleeping, fatigue, loss of energy, aches, pains and digestive problems have all been reported as side affects that have resulted from depression.

The most common forms of treatment for people suffering from depression are psychotherapy and medication. In people under 18, according to the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence, medication should only be offered upon referral from a psychological consultant in addition to therapy. The most studied form of psychotherapy for treating depression is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), which teaches clients to challenge self-defeating, but enduring ways of thinking and change counter-productive behaviors. Research has suggested that CBT could perform as well or better than antidepressants in patients with moderate to severe depression. CBT has also been found to be beneficial in helping prevent relapse. Aside from cognitive behavior therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy have also been found to be successful in treating people suffering from depression.

In more serious cases of depression psychotherapists may also prescribe antidepressants to help treat people. Antidepressants can take up to a month before the individual starts feeling back to their normal self. Antidepressants are often prescribed for 16-20 weeks in order to minimize the chance of recurring cases of depression. However, in serious cases of chronic depression medication may need to be taken indefinitely to avoid relapse.

There are a wide variety of prescription medications that can be taken to treat cases of depression. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as sertaline, paroxetine, citalopram, fluoxetine, and escitalopram are the primary medications prescribed due to their effectiveness, mild side effects, and because they are less toxic than other antidepressants. If this type of antidepressant does not work, patients may be switched to another antidepressant which has resulted in almost 50% of cases. Venlafaxine is another popular antidepressant but has a different mechanism of action from SSRIs. Although Venlafaxine could possibly be more effective than SSRIs some scientists believe that its risks outweigh its benefits and should be used as a second option in treatment.

Individuals that have not successfully responded to at least two antidepressants have are usually diagnosed as suffering from treatment-resistant depression. In many major studies, only about 35% of patients respond well to medical treatment. In most cases it can be difficult for a doctor to decide when someone has treatment-resistant depression or whether the problem is due to coexisting disorders which is very common amongst patients suffering from major depression. Depression is a serious disorder, which should not go untreated. The first course of action should be to contact your doctor. The worst thing an individual can do is to let ones feelings bottle up. Depression is very treatable but also very tough to overcome.

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