Depression & Anxiety.
Approximately 40 million American adults ages 18 and older have an anxiety disorder which often co-occurs with depression or substance use. The most common types of depression or mood disorders include Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder (milder depressive disorder) and Bipolar Disorder, in which episodes of severe depression and mania (elevated mood) occur resulting in highs and lows. Depression and anxiety, when left untreated, can lead to loss of jobs, unhealthy relationships, health issues and emotional instability.
Most people feel depressed or anxious at times. The signs and symptoms differ for each individual.
Some symptoms of anxiety and depression are:
- Persistent sad, anxious or “empty” feelings
- Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness or helplessness
- Irritability and restlessness
- Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
- Fatigue and decreased energy
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making decisions
- Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness or excessive sleeping
- Overeating or appetite loss
- Thoughts of suicide or suicide attempts
- Aches or pains, headaches, cramps or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.
- Constant worry
- Difficulty concentrating
CAST provides individuals with various options for treatment.
Treatment for mood disorders is addressed in a number of ways. A psychiatric evaluation may determine medication is required to alleviate the symptoms of depression or anxiety. Although CAST does not provide psychiatric services, we work closely with psychiatrists in the area in order to provide the most effective and consistent care. Cognitive behavioral therapy, behavioral therapy and lifestyle modification are other modalities that are effective in the treatment of mood disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy assists in restructuring negative thought patterns and challenges irrational belief systems in order to promote a healthier view towards oneself.